Publications

CAMBODIA: Improved Energy Technologies

February 2010 [pdf]. Approximately 80% of Cambodians live in rural areas with limited access to clean and affordable water and energy. Furthermore, 34% percent of the rural population lives below the national poverty line on less than $0.60 per day.

TONGA: Electric Supply System Forecasts

February 2010 [pdf]. In recognition of the vulnerability of the Tonga electricity sector to the price of oil, the GoT has set a target of 50% renewable energy for the grid-based electricity supply in three years. The study is to identify the options available, evaluate their potential role in grid electricity supplies, and determine the best combination of renewable energy projects to meet the target, and will also serve as part of the Tonga Energy Road Map.

ASTAE Annual Status Report Fiscal Year 2009

January 2010 [pdf]. Annual Status Report 17. Fiscal Year 2009, covernig the period of July 1, 2008-June 30, 2009. ASTAE has developed a strong portfolio of technical assistance activities by directly influencing and supporting the effective implementation of large World Bank investment projects.

CHINA: Social Analysis of Heating Reforms in Liaoning Province

December 2009 [pdf]. The main purpose of this report is to present the findings of this survey, which focuses on the impact of changes in billing and pricing, heating quality, the extent of social assistance programs for heating, and the degree of public awareness of heating reforms. The study is based upon a survey of medium-size cities in Liaoning Province in 2007, as urban heating demand has grown rapidly due to rising incomes, housing sector growth, and the privatization of housing.

MONGOLIA: Heating in Poor, Peri-Urban Ger Areas of Ulaanbaatar

October 2009 [pdf]. After a series of studies on the stove heating practices and preferences in ger households, it was concluded that it is possible to develop a program aiming to provide cleaner, affordable heating to ger areas in Ulaanbaatar, but there remain significant technical and financial barriers. The report provides detailed information on market or non-market based approaches, as well as policy recommendations, for switching to cleaner and more energy efficient heating stoves and cleaner fuels in ger households. Download Appendices.

MONGOLIA: Heating in Poor, Peri-Urban Ger Areas of Ulaanbaatar | Appendices

October 2009 [pdf]. Appendices accompanying main report, including  Appendix A: Survey Methodology and Data; Appendix B: Testing Protocol; Appendix C: Structured Brainstorming Workshop; Appendix D: Case Study for Electric Heating; Appendix E: Laboratory Test Equipment Needed; Appendix F: Verification and Certification System; Appendix G: Sawdust Briquettes; Appendix H: Solid Fuel Stoves in Other Countries; Appendix I: Thousand Households Questionnaire; Appendix J: Thousand Households Tabulated Survey Results

Welfare Impacts of Rural Electrification: Evidence from Vietnam

September 2008 [pdf]. This paper is one of the first studies to examine the welfare impacts of households’ rural electrification based on panel surveys conducted in 2002 and 2005 for some 1,100 households in rural Vietnam,. The findings indicate that grid electrification has been both extensive (connecting all surveyed communes by 2005) and intensive (connecting almost 80 percent of the surveyed households by 2005). Finally, this study recommends investigating long-term benefits of rural electrification – not just for households, but for rural economy as a whole.

The Development of China's ESCO, 2004-2007

July 2008 [pdf]. The note is prepared by the World Bank’s project management team for the China Second Energy Conservation Project, drawing on major national surveys completed for 2005 and 2007 by the Energy Conservation Service Committee of the China Energy Conservation Association (commonly referred to as the EMC Association of China, or EMCA) of its members, interim smaller surveys and data collection efforts by EMCA, independent surveys of energy performance contracting by non-EMCA members in 2005 and 2007, data gathered from China’s first three pilot ESCOs supported under the World Bank’s first China Energy Conservation Project, data and analysis provided by the China National Investment and Guaranty Company (I&G) relating to its execution of the Bank/GEF ESCO Loan Guarantee Program, and analysis of ESCO investment and energy savings completed by the National Development and Reform Commission’s Project Management Office (PMO).

Investigation in Coconut Oil Production and Conversion to Fuel for Power Generation

The main purpose of the consultancy, was to view the applications and interact with those eople and organisations that are using this technology and technologies that are related to it and to see how this could be integrated into the project in the Solomon Islands

Financing Energy Efficiency: Lessons From Brazil, China, India, and Beyond

2008 [pdf]. Greater energy efficiency is key for shifting country development paths toward lower-carbon economic growth. Especially in developing countries and transition economies, vast potential for energy savings opportunities remain unrealized even though current financial returns are strong. Financing Energy Effi ciency: Lessons from Brazil, China, India, and Beyond examines the nature of this dilemma and how it may be overcome in practical and operational terms.

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